International Journal of Applied Science and Technology

ISSN 2221-0997 (Print), 2221-1004 (Online) 10.30845/ijast

The Determinants of the Usage of ICTs in Firms in Cameroon: Analysis by the economic Theory of the Firm
Alfred Jacquy MOUBEP, Collins Penn CHI

The objective of this study is to verify that the determinants of the usages of ICT in companies in Cameroon respond to the teachings of evolutionary theory, the theory of transaction costs, agency theory, the concept of strategic intelligence and verify that they are identical to those of companies in other countries. To do this, we estimate the probit simple and probit models ordered multivariate on a sample of 101 companies members of the Subcontracting and Partnership of Cameroon. Our econometric results show that the main determinants of the uses are: the size of the company, its dismemberment, its decentralization of responsibilities and its educational capital. The analysis of the results reveals fundamental lessons leading to the following policies to improve the competitiveness of enterprises through ICT: (1) sensitize leaders on the importance of decentralizing responsibilities, which makes it possible, thanks to ICT, to better control the actions of workers; (2) sensitize managers on the recruitment process integrating human capital and digital skills; (3) train managers to find e-business opportunities and improve their ability to seize them.

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