International Journal of Applied Science and Technology

ISSN 2221-0997 (Print), 2221-1004 (Online) 10.30845/ijast

Debunking the Rumor: A Review of Veracity
Dr. Parvin Lalehparvaran

When we hear the words breaking news the public has continuously shown to rely on social media to stay on top of the latest updates. It is true that social media comes with a whole slew of stipulations, but is social media just encouraging unverified rumors? The rumors that are brought up during breaking news reports remain unproven and unreliable. Because of this we don’t know much about the process of a social media, especially how long they last and the assumptions that follow these rumors. This paper will show a study done by Zibiaga et al., in 2016 and will show the data collected from 330 rumor threads, which was associated from 9 breaking news events, from the popular social media site Twitter. This data was analyzed to understand how users spread, denied, or even supported unverified rumors. The data will also show how these rumors were either proven true or false by determining primarily two levels of prominence during the life cycle of these rumors, the before and after effect. Identifying whether the rumors were true or not, along with tweets that corrected the rumors, was done by members of the research group who tracked the event in real time. This study shows the rumors that are finally proven true are usually corrected faster than the ones that are false. Whilesome can immediately observe users denying rumors once they have been proven false, users are generally not able to distinguish true rumors from false rumors when their honesty remains in question.This paper also shows the everyday tendency for users to support every unverified rumor. They also analyze the different aspects of users, exposing highly esteemed users, like news organizations, to post statements that appear to be true and backed up by evidence. Though, these always show unproven pieces of information that encourage the riseof false rumors. The study demonstrates and increases the demand for creatingvigorous learning approaches that can give assistance in real time for analyzing the degree of honestyin eachrumor. The findings of this research provide applicable techniques for achieving this desire.

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