International Journal of Applied Science and Technology

ISSN 2221-0997 (Print), 2221-1004 (Online) 10.30845/ijast

Nature of Village Boundaries and Functionality of Community Boreholes in Zimbabwe: The Case of Sengwe Communal Lands, Chiredzi District
Bowora John, Mukamuri Billy, Gwenje Douglas

This paper analyses relationship between nature of village boundaries and functional status of community boreholes in Sengwe communal lands in Chiredzi District, Zimbabwe. The area is characterized by low rainfall and access to water challenges. The study methodologies included qualitative and quantitative research approaches. Qualitative methods utilized included key informant interviews, focus group discussions and quantitative questionnaire which was administered (N=120) to borehole users across the study area. Results from analysed data show that village boundaries are semi to porous which allows unrestricted access to borehole water by outsiders within reach. This semi to porous nature of boundaries undermines both collective action in maintaining and repairing boreholes therefore reducing the number of functioning boreholes. The study recommends the establishment of strong institution that unites and encourages all borehole users to work together for continued functionality of boreholes.

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