The Effects of Simulated Altitude Training on Aerobic Capacity and Function
Matthew T. Maher, MS, CEP; Michael A. Figueroa, Ed.D., CSCS
This study investigated a 6-week intervention utilizing the Elevation Training Mask (ETM) in conjunction with an Intermittent Hypoxic Training (IHT) protocol to promote a hypoxic condition while still training at sea-level. Participants were randomly assigned into one of two groups; a Training Mask (TM) group and Non-Training Mask (NTM) group. Both groups trained at moderate to high intensity (65%-75% of their heart rate reserve) for 15 minutes, 2 times per week for 6 weeks. A one-way ANOVA was used in order to determine between group differences and a dependent t-test was then used to determine within group differences. The Results of this study showed a significant difference (p< 0.05) in Maximum Voluntary Ventilation (MVV) between the two groups and within the TM group after 6 weeks of training. The results also showed a slight, but not significant, increase in measured VO2 peak and % VO2 peak at anaerobic threshold.
Full Text: PDF