International Journal of Applied Science and Technology

ISSN 2221-0997 (Print), 2221-1004 (Online) 10.30845/ijast

Identification of Factors that Cause Severity of Road Accidents in Ghana: a Case Study of the Northern Region
Abdul-Rahaman Haadi

The incidence of deaths and injury as a result of road accidents is now a global phenomenon. As a result authorities in virtually all countries of the world are now concerned about the growth in the number of people killed and injured on their roads including Ghana. The study objective was to identify the variables that mainly contribute to accident severity in the Northern Region and to describe the impact of these variables. This study applied binary logistic regression to accident-related data collected from motor transport and traffic unit (MTTU) Northern Region traffic-police records in order to examine the contributing factors to accident severity. A total of 398 accident data from 2007-2009 was used. Among the variables obtained from police-accident reports, two independent variables were found most significantly associated with accident severity; namely, Over loading and Obstruction.

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