International Journal of Applied Science and Technology

ISSN 2221-0997 (Print), 2221-1004 (Online) 10.30845/ijast

Physicochemical Characterization of Nonionic Surfactants in oil-in-water (O/W) Nano-emulsions for New Pesticide Formulations
Lim Chaw Jiang, Mahiran Basri, Dzolkhifli Omar, Mohd. Basyaruddin Abdul Rahman, Abu Bakar Salleh, Raja Noor Zaliha Raja Abdul Rahman


Physicochemical characteristics of pre-formulation concentrates of an emulsion system of LFAMEs/APG:organosilicone/water were determined. The surfactants used were octyl/decyl polyglucosides (short-chain APG; SAPG) and dodecyl/tetradecyl/hexadecyl polyglucosides (long-chain APG; LAPG). Alkyl chain length of the APG was found to dominate the different flow behaviours of emulsions. The SAPG-emulsions exhibited Newtonian behaviour with constant viscosity, while LAPG-emulsions showed non-Newtonian behaviour with reduced viscosity. The morphology study showed larger size assembly of irregular aggregates for LAPG-emulsions as compared to SAPG-emulsions. The presence of glyphosate IPA in SAPG/LAPG emulsions formed polymerized multi-connected network structure, with the network being more densely packed in the LAPG-emulsions than SAPG-emulsions. Glyphosate IPA was found to reduce shear thinning on LAPG-emulsions while no effect was observed on SAPG-emulsions. Upon dilution of the pre-formulation concentrates, nano-formulations were formed. In SAPG-emulsion system, particles size was smaller, more uniformly dispersed and surface tension was lower than in LAPG-emulsion system.

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