International Journal of Applied Science and Technology

ISSN 2221-0997 (Print), 2221-1004 (Online) 10.30845/ijast

 

STUDENTS’ MISCONCEPTIONS IN LEARNING BASIC CONCEPT ‘COMPOSITION OF MATTER’ IN CHEMISTRY

Ahmed Sher Awan, Dr. Tariq Mahmood Khan, Dr.Muhammad Naeem Mohsin, Dr Ashiq Hussain Doger

 

ABSTRACT

The main objective of this research study is to probe students’ misconceptions and to provide qualitative descriptions of the existence of high frequencies of alternative conceptions in science students at secondary level. The sample of the study was consisted of 120 subjects of class 10th randomly to explore students understanding in the concept composition of matter which is big idea in the field of learning chemistry. Total seven instances or non-instances about this concept were used as IAI (interview about instances) instrument to investigate student’s misconceptions of each subject. The reliability of the instrument was determined by Cohan Kappa through inter-rater reliability. Content validity was established by experts. High frequencies of misconceptions rather than scientific responses were obtained from the boys and girls subjects of class 10th in spite of teaching for two years through traditional textbook approach. Further, the qualitative analysis conducted through categorical analysis which explored five categories of misconceptions which indicates the five alternative ways or frameworks of thinking. It may guide science teachers for applying active learning approaches towards promoting conceptual change. More misconceptions were found in catetory-3 (self-centered/human-centered view) and category-5 (scientific term but incorrect explanation) as compared to other three categories.

 

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