International Journal of Applied Science and Technology

ISSN 2221-0997 (Print), 2221-1004 (Online) 10.30845/ijast

Measurement of Heavy Metals (Zn, Cu, Fe, Ni, Cd, Co) in Chadormalu Underground Water Resources and Presentation of an Environmental Management Plan
Mohsen Dehghani, Alireza Kashefi Ghasem Abadi

 

Abstract
Iranian Chadormalu ore mine is located within 180 km northeast of Yazd, 65 km north of Bafgh. Under the present circumstances, this mine enjoys four production lines which produce almost 8.5 million ton/year iron concentrate via direct reduction process for the use of steel manufacturers. The Iron concentrate is shipped by freight trains and trucks to Esfahan’s Mobarakeh Steel Company and Khouzestan Steel Company. The area has no resident (other than miners) while closest village is located within 60 km away from the mine. With respect to the mining business running in the respective region, and also given the establishment of this industrial complex close to the wildlife refuge of Anjir-Neybaz Valley, density of heavy metals (including Zn, Cu, Fe, Ni, Cd, Co) existing in the underground water resources of Chadomalu region was measured. The results then were matched to the standards declared by Institute of Standard and Industrial Research of Iran (ISIRI) and World Health Organization (WHO). The current survey indicates that mining operations in Chadormalu do not pollute the underground resources as far as heavy metals are concerned, and density of these metals is lower than the authorized standard maximum. Considering the significance of mining business in the area, an environmental management plan consisting of three elements of Training, Restrictions, and Monitoring was also provided in order to improve the environmental circumstances.

 

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